COVID-19 Vaccines Fantasy Vs Reality: No Vaccines Do Not Alter DNA

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COVID-19 Vaccines Myth Vs Fact No Vaccines Do Not Alter DNAPfizer-BioNTech’s COVID-19 vaccine BNT162b2 and Moderna’s mRNA-1273 are mRNA (messenger-RNA) vaccines developed within the combat in opposition to COVID-19 pandemic

Highlights

mRNA vaccines give a message to the human physique to provide immune responsemRNA is fragile and might dangle round inside a cell for less than 72 hours: ProfessionalmRNA vaccines are getting used for the primary time and are accepted by WHO

New Delhi: Together with combating the COVID-19 pandemic, medical consultants are battling misinformation surrounding the COVID-19 outbreak. Proper from the origins of the virus, residence treatments to remedy COVID-19 and now with vaccine rollout, researchers, medical consultants and scientists have all through the pandemic had an extra process of dispelling myths and busting misinformation. One of many widespread myths doing rounds on the web round coronavirus vaccine is that it irreversibly modifications the DNA of a person. NDTV spoke to consultants to know the science behind it.

Additionally Learn: WHO’s Staff Tracing the Origin Of COVID-19 Is Again From China; Consultants Clarify Why It Is Vital To Discover The Supply Of The Outbreak

The parable the COVID-19 vaccines alter the DNA is restricted to mRNA (messenger-RNA) vaccines as they use the genetic method. Two of the COVID-19 vaccines – Pfizer-BioNTech’s BNT162b2 and Moderna’s mRNA-1273 – are mRNA vaccines.

DNA Vs mRNA

Dr Mala V. Kaneria, Advisor, Infectious Illnesses, Jaslok Hospital and Analysis Centre, Mumbai, suggests understanding the distinction between DNA and mRNA. She defined,

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is a double stranded, very lengthy genetic materials which is spunned up collectively inside part of the cell known as the nucleus. Whereas mRNA is a single stranded copy of a really small a part of the DNA which is routinely made within the nucleus and launched into the cytoplasm exterior the nucleus. The perform of mRNA is to behave like an instruction guide to supply directions to the mobile equipment to make proteins that are required for the physique.

Additionally Learn: COVID-19 Vaccine Explainer: How Do Vaccines Work?

What Are mRNA Vaccines?

In layman’s language, the job of mRNA is to offer a message to our cells to make a protein and even only a piece of a protein that are like these of the virus. The protein then triggers an immune response inside our our bodies.

Moreover, Dr Prashant Borade, Head – Essential Care Unit, International Hospitals, Mumbai, mentioned,

The accessible COVID-19 vaccines are designed to assist your physique’s immune system combat the coronavirus. The messenger RNA from two of the primary kinds of COVID-19 vaccines does enter cells, however not the nucleus of the cells the place DNA resides. The mRNA does its job to trigger the cell to make protein to stimulate the immune system, after which it shortly breaks down — with out affecting the particular person’s DNA.

Dr Kaneria added that mRNA is fragile in comparison with the DNA and might dangle round inside a cell for less than 72 hours.

The minute mRNA’s perform of giving directions to our cells is over; it’s degraded by our cells. Subsequently, mRNA doesn’t stay within the physique for lengthy, mentioned Dr Kaneria.

Additionally Learn: Coronavirus Outbreak Defined: What Is mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine Know-how Used By Pfizer-BioNTech And Moderna?

Are mRNA Vaccines Protected?

Dr Katherine O’Brien, WHO Director of the Division of Immunisation, Vaccines and Biologicals dismissed the hearsay and mentioned, there is no such thing as a manner that mRNA can flip into DNA. And there’s no manner that mRNA can change the DNA of our human cells. She added,

What mRNA is, it’s the directions to the physique to make a protein. Most vaccines are developed by truly giving a protein or giving a small, tiny element of the germ that we are attempting to vaccinate in opposition to. And it is a new method the place as an alternative of giving that tiny little half, we simply give the directions to our personal our bodies to make that tiny little half after which our pure immune system responds to it.

In keeping with Dr Kaneria, the worry that mRNA vaccines can modify DNA stems from the truth that there are particular viruses just like the HIV virus that are recognized to combine into the DNA and trigger its replication. Nevertheless, within the case of SARS-CoV-2, mRNA from the vaccine by no means enters the nucleus of the cell and doesn’t have an effect on or work together with an individual’s DNA.

On December 31, 2020, the World Well being Organisation (WHO) listed the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine for emergency use, making the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine the primary to obtain emergency validation from WHO for the reason that outbreak started. Although the know-how has been there for many years, Pfizer-BioNTech’s COVID-19 vaccine is the primary mRNA vaccine to be accepted to be used in people.

Additionally Learn: Vaccine Hesitancy: What It Means And How We Can Sort out It, Consultants Clarify

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India marketing campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Marketing campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It goals to unfold consciousness about important well being points dealing with the nation. In wake of the present COVID-19 pandemic, the necessity for WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is without doubt one of the methods to forestall Coronavirus an infection and different illnesses. The marketing campaign highlights the significance of diet and healthcare for ladies and kids to forestall maternal and youngster mortality, combat malnutrition, stunting, losing, anaemia and illness prevention by means of vaccines. Significance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the function of Aganwadis and ASHA staff are additionally lined. Solely a Swachh or clear India the place bathrooms are used and open defecation free (ODF) standing achieved as a part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate illnesses like diahorrea and grow to be a Swasth or wholesome India. The marketing campaign will proceed to cowl points like air air pollution, waste administration, plastic ban, guide scavenging and sanitation staff and menstrual hygiene. 

World

11,03,03,181Circumstances

four,57,60,290Lively

6,21,01,682Recovered

24,41,209Deaths

Coronavirus has unfold to 192 international locations. The whole confirmed instances worldwide are 11,03,03,181 and 24,41,209 have died; four,57,60,290 are lively instances and 6,21,01,682 have recovered as on February 19, 2021 at three:48 am.

India

1,09,63,394 13193Circumstances

1,39,542 2200Lively

1,06,67,741 10896Recovered

1,56,111 97Deaths

In India, there are 1,09,63,394 confirmed instances together with 1,56,111 deaths. The variety of lively instances is 1,39,542 and 1,06,67,741 have recovered as on February 19, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Particulars

State

Circumstances

Lively

Recovered

Deaths

Maharashtra

DistrictCircumstances

Mumbai45,478

Thane13,660

Pune9,920

Mumbai Suburban5,363

Aurangabad1,974

Nashik1,575

Raigad1,462

Palghar1,421

Solapur1,291

Jalgaon1,zero39

Akola757

Nagpur692

Kolhapur646

Satara629

Ratnagiri350

Amravati291

Dhule228

Hingoli208

Jalna201

Ahmednagar190

Nanded176

Yavatmal150

Sangli145

Latur139

Osmanabad125

Sindhudurg114

Buldhana88

Parbhani78

gondia69

Beed54

Nandurbar42

Gadchiroli42

Bhandara41

Chandrapur32

Washim13

Wardha11

20,81,520 5,427

42,zero47 2,846

19,87,804 2,543

51,669 38

Kerala

DistrictCircumstances

Kannur357

Kasaragod333

Palakkad224

Malappuram119

Kollam118

Thrissur106

Thiruvananthapuram104

Pathanamthitta98

Kozhikode90

Alappuzha76

Kottayam73

Ernakulam60

Idukki40

Wayanad36

10,21,432 four,584

60,451 623

9,56,935 5,193

four,zero46 14

Karnataka

DistrictCircumstances

Udupi1,176

Kalaburagi669

Yadgir538

Bengaluru City529

Raichur369

Mandya346

Belagavi337

Bidar219

Hassan205

Davangere204

Vijayapura201

Dakshina Kannada179

Chikkaballapura149

Mysuru107

Bagalkote103

Uttara Kannada95

Shivamogga67

Dharwad61

Ballari60

Gadag45

Bengaluru Rural40

Tumakuru36

Kolar29

Haveri24

Chikkamagaluru19

Chitradurga14

Koppal5

Kodagufour

Ramanagarathree

Chamarajanagarazero

9,46,860 406

5,811 94

9,28,767 306

12,282 6

Andhra Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Kurnool795

Krishna557

Guntur511

Anantapur428

East Godavari356

Chittoor319

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296

Y.S.R.205

West Godavari199

Srikakulam183

Prakasam104

Visakhapatnam103

Vizianagaram23

eight,89,zero77 67

619 12

eight,81,292 54

7,166 1

Tamil Nadu

DistrictCircumstances

Chennai23,324

Chengalpattu1,314

Thiruvallur774

Villupuram509

Kanchipuram503

Tiruvannamalai496

Cuddalore477

Ariyalur444

Tirunelveli433

Tuticorin333

Kallakurichi324

Madurai322

Salem258

Coimbatore188

Virudhunagar185

Dindigul175

Perambalur133

Ranipet133

Thanjavur130

Theni129

Tiruchirappalli119

Ramanathapuram119

Tiruppur116

Kanniyakumari110

Tenkasi103

Nagapattinam99

Karur88

Namakkal83

Erode75

Vellore71

Thiruvarur67

Pudukkottai53

Sivaganga46

Tirupathur45

Krishnagiri43

The Nilgiris17

Dharmapuri15

eight,46,937 457

four,173 19

eight,30,320 470

12,444 6

Delhi

DistrictCircumstances

North West5,463

Centralfour,817

Westfour,768

New Delhithree,405

Norththree,059

East2,472

South East2,446

South West2,391

South2,329

North East1,914

Shahdara1,580

6,37,445 130

1,zero53 25

6,25,496 153

10,896 2

Uttar Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119

Agra933

Ghaziabad794

Meerut504

Lucknow386

Saharanpur298

Kanpur Nagar286

Moradabad252

Varanasi243

Hapur225

Aligarh215

Basti214

Amethi206

Rampur203

Jaunpur194

Firozabad190

Barabanki168

Gorakhpur166

Bulandshahr166

Siddharth Nagar159

Ghazipur159

Bijnor157

Deoria143

Azamgarh138

Sant Kabeer Nagar132

Mathura129

Ayodhya120

Muzaffarnagar117

Sambhal116

Sultanpur97

Ambedkar Nagar92

Maharajganj85

Amroha80

Rae Bareli78

Bahraich73

Kheri72

Kannauj69

Baghpat68

Kushi Nagar67

Bhadohi60

Ballia60

Gonda59

Etah52

Hardoi49

Balrampur49

Mau48

Mainpuri46

Etawah46

Hathras43

Unnao42

Jalaun41

Jhansi41

Shamli40

Chandauli38

Auraiya37

Farrukhabad36

Sitapur32

Prayagraj30

Banda27

Shahjahanpur25

Shravasti23

Budaun23

Mirzapur22

Bareilly17

Kasganj16

Pratapgarh15

Pilibhit15

Sonbhadra10

Kaushambi6

Kanpur Dehatfour

Chitrakootfour

Lalitpurthree

Hamirpurthree

Mahobathree

Fatehpurthree

6,02,490 80

2,587 103

5,91,194 181

eight,709 2

West Bengal

DistrictCircumstances

Kolkata2,777

Howrah1,435

24 Paraganas North1,zero31

Hooghly604

24 Paraganas South281

Maldah235

Dinajpur Uttar216

Coochbehar210

Birbhum206

Medinipur West159

Medinipur East153

Nadia139

Purba Bardhaman130

Murshidabad125

Bankura116

Darjeeling97

Jalpaiguri88

Paschim Bardhaman70

Purulia66

Dinajpur Dakshin50

Alipurduar39

Kalimpong18

Jhargram9

5,73,193 181

three,672 64

5,59,282 243

10,239 2

Odisha

DistrictCircumstances

Ganjam581

Jajapur322

Khordha238

Baleshwar190

Kendrapara164

Cuttack155

Bhadrak137

Balangir129

Puri103

Sundargarh102

Jagatsinghapur91

Nayagarh86

Mayurbhanj73

Nuapada69

Gajapati61

Dhenkanal36

Boudh34

Kendujhar34

Deogarh33

Kalahandi33

Sonepur29

Kandhamal28

Anugul26

Malkangiri20

Bargarh16

Koraput16

Sambalpur16

Jharsugudaeight

Nabarangpur2

Rayagada2

three,36,460 63

659 38

three,33,888 100

1,913 1

Rajasthan

DistrictCircumstances

Jaipur2,177

Jodhpur1,748

Udaipur724

Bharatpur563

Kota503

Nagaur500

Ajmer379

Dungarpur374

Pali352

Jhalawar329

Bhilwara250

Sikar231

Chittorgarh188

Tonk171

Jalore164

Rajsamand140

Sirohi130

Bikaner112

Banswara91

Alwar90

Churu81

Jhunjhunu64

Dausa61

Dholpur60

Baran59

Jaisalmer53

Barmer34

Hanumangarh31

SawaiMadhopur26

Karauli17

Pratapgarh14

Ganganagareight

Bundi5

three,19,270 104

1,275 26

three,15,212 77

2,783 1

Chhattisgarh

DistrictCircumstances

Bilaspur100

Korba100

Mungeli87

Baloda Bazar85

Jashpur77

Janjgir-Champa56

Mahasamund54

Rajnandgaon52

Kabirdham52

Raigarh47

Raipur46

Balod41

Korea39

Durg31

Bemetara21

Kanker19

Balrampur17

Surguja14

Gariyaband10

Surajpur9

Dhamtari6

Bijapur2

Bastar2

Dantewadazero

Kondagaonzero

Narayanpurzero

Sukmazero

three,10,210 276

three,005 four

three,03,415 278

three,790 2

Telangana

DistrictCircumstances

Hyderabad2,475

Ranga Reddy183

Suryapet87

Jagitial77

Nizamabad76

MedchalMalkajgiri75

Mancherial43

YadadriBhuvanagiri40

Jogulamba Gadwal40

Vikarabad40

Nalgonda33

Warangal City32

Mahabubnagar30

Sangareddy26

Khammam26

Adilabad22

Nirmal21

Karimnagar17

RajannaSircilla16

Medak11

Kamareddy11

Mahabubabad10

Jayashankar Bhupalapally9

Nagarkurnooleight

Kumuram Bheem Asifabadeight

Jangoaneight

Siddipet7

Peddapalli5

Bhadradri Kothagudem5

Warangal Ruralfour

Muluguthree

Narayanpetthree

Wanaparthy1

2,97,278 165

1,715 15

2,93,940 149

1,623 1

Haryana

DistrictCircumstances

Gurugram2,950

Faridabad867

Sonipat404

Rohtak145

Palwal120

Jhajjar114

Karnal104

Hisar98

Ambala93

Panipat78

Nuh68

Bhiwani60

Rewari56

Kurukshetra55

Sirsa50

Kaithal48

Mahendragarh47

CharkiDadri43

Panchkula39

Fatehabad38

Jind38

Yamunanagar19

2,69,405 83

814 12

2,65,549 94

three,zero42 1

Gujarat

DistrictCircumstances

Ahmadabad17,125

Surat2,311

Vadodara1,555

Gandhinagar410

Mahesana159

Banas Kantha147

Bhavnagar146

Rajkot135

Arvalli134

Mahisagar125

Anand107

PanchMahals107

Patan105

SabarKantha101

Kachchh99

Kheda98

Jamnagar63

Bharuch56

Botad55

Surendranagar55

Valsad47

GirSomnath45

Dohad43

Chhotaudepur37

Naysari35

Junagadh31

Narmada25

DevbhumiDwarka22

Amreli16

Porbandar11

Tapi6

Dang5

Morbifour

2,66,297 263

1,696 7

2,60,198 270

four,403

Bihar

DistrictCircumstances

Patna279

Bhagalpur266

Rohtas256

Khagaria253

Begusarai243

Madhubani199

Munger188

Jehanabad178

Katihar175

Darbhanga143

Samastipur139

Siwan139

PurbiChamparan138

Purnia135

Banka134

Buxar134

Nalanda123

Gopalganj123

Nawada122

Sheikhpura118

Gaya115

Kaimur (bhabua)105

Bhojpur103

Saran101

Muzaffarpur96

Saharsa88

Supaul87

Vaishali87

Madhepura82

Kishanganj75

Aurangabad75

Sitamarhi73

Lakhisarai72

Araria68

Pashchim Champaran57

Arwal52

Jamui47

Sheohar20

2,61,942 63

513 7

2,59,898 68

1,531 2

Madhya Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Indorethree,839

Bhopal1,880

Ujjain799

Burhanpur351

Neemuch319

Jabalpur276

East Nimar266

Sagar228

Gwalior211

Khargone196

Dewas140

Dhar132

Mandsaur112

Morena109

Bhind87

Raisen71

Barwani60

Ratlam51

Rewa39

Shajapur39

Hoshangabad37

Vidisha37

Chhatarpur35

Betul35

Rajgarh31

Dindori29

Sheopur26

Damoh26

Satna24

Anuppur22

Panna20

Tikamgarh18

Sidhi17

Narsinghpur17

Chhindwara16

Agar Malwa15

Mandla15

Shivpuri15

Jhabua14

Shandol14

Singrauli13

Ashoknagar13

Datia12

Sehore12

Umaria10

Balaghat9

Gunaeight

Hardafour

Alirajpurthree

Katnithree

Seoni2

Niwarizero

2,58,574 241

1,909 46

2,52,821 193

three,844 2

Assam

DistrictCircumstances

Kamrup Metro276

Golaghat203

Nagaon143

Hojai89

Dima Hasao86

Karimganj85

Tinsukia84

Cachar80

Dibrugarh61

Hailakandi57

Lakhimpur57

Marigaon50

Dhemaji47

Kamrup42

Kokrajhar37

Dhubri30

Charaideo29

Barpeta28

Udalguri28

Sonitpur27

Jorhat24

Nalbari23

Darrang20

Sivasagar20

Goalpara19

Biswanath16

Baksa14

KarbiAnglong13

Bongaigaon12

Chirang6

West KarbiAnglong5

South SalmaraMancacharfour

Majuli2

2,17,344 14

1,614 2

2,14,639 11

1,zero91 1

Punjab

DistrictCircumstances

Amritsar485

Jalandhar297

Ludhiana293

Tarn Taran163

Gurdaspur154

Hoshiarpur140

S.A.S Nagar137

Patiala132

Sangrur107

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99

Pathankot86

Rupnagar (Ropar)74

Faridkot74

Sri Muktsar Sahib71

Moga65

Bathinda60

Fatehgarh Sahib57

Fazilka53

Firozepur50

Kapurthala44

Mansa31

Barnala25

1,77,376 275

2,642 96

1,69,zero02 169

5,732 10

Jammu And Kashmir

DistrictCircumstances

Anantnag395

Srinagar300

Kulgam295

Baramulla271

Shopian255

Kupwara231

Bandipora175

Udhampur155

Ramban151

Jammu138

Budgam110

Pulwama108

Kathua53

Rajouri39

Ganderbal37

Poonch35

Doda27

Reasi26

Samba25

Kishtwar10

Mirpurzero

Muzaffarabadzero

1,25,634 87

688 31

1,22,992 53

1,954 three

Jharkhand

DistrictCircumstances

East Singhbum170

Ranchi148

Hazaribagh110

Garhwa80

Ramgarh75

Koderma58

Simdega48

Dhanbad32

Gumla28

Palamu27

West Singhbhum21

SaraikelaKharsawan20

Giridih19

Bokaro16

Latehar14

Khunti10

Lohardagaeight

Deoghar5

Dumka5

Pakurfour

Jamtara2

Godda2

Chatra1

Sahebganjzero

1,19,477 38

467 1

1,17,926 37

1,zero84

Uttarakhand

DistrictCircumstances

Dehradun370

Nainital323

Tehri Garhwal110

Haridwar94

Udam Singh Nagar83

Almora71

Champawat45

Pithoragarh43

Chamoli36

PauriGarhwal36

Bageshwar31

Rudraprayag30

Uttar Kashi24

97,005 41

549 1

94,772 39

1,684 1

Himachal Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Hamirpur117

Kangra105

Una41

Solan32

Chamba29

Bilaspur21

Mandi21

Sirmaur11

Shimla10

Kullufour

Kinnaur2

Lahaul And Spitizero

58,312 16

301 53

57,zero17 69

994

Goa

DistrictCircumstances

South Goa69

North Goa57

54,421 52

510 1

53,125 51

786

Puducherry

DistrictCircumstances

Pondicherry111

Mahefour

Karaikal2

Yanamzero

39,526 20

199 three

38,667 23

660

Tripura

DistrictCircumstances

Dhalai196

Sepahijala174

Gomati74

South Tripura53

Unakoti49

West Tripura45

Khowai24

North Tripura14

33,366 9

14 9

32,961

391

Manipur

DistrictCircumstances

Churachandpur32

Kangpokpi26

Imphal West21

Thoubal18

Imphal East10

Tengnoupal9

Bishnupur7

Senapati6

Chandel5

Kamjong5

Ukhrulfour

Jiribamthree

Pherzawlthree

Kakching2

Tamenglong2

Noney1

29,225 2

83 eight

28,769 10

373

Chandigarh

DistrictCircumstances

Chandigarh313

21,352 30

150 eight

20,854 22

348

Arunachal Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Changlang31

Papum Pareeight

Lohitthree

Namsai2

West Siang1

East Siang1

Higher Siang1

Tawang1

PakkeKessang1

West Kamengzero

Higher Subansirizero

Tirapzero

Siangzero

Shi Yomizero

Anjawzero

Decrease Subansirizero

Decrease Dibang Valleyzero

Longdingzero

Leparadazero

KurungKumeyzero

KraDaadizero

Kamlezero

East Kamengzero

Dibang Valleyzero

Decrease Siangzero

16,836 three

5 2

16,775 1

56

Meghalaya

DistrictCircumstances

East Khasi Hills22

West Garo Hills5

South West Garo Hillsfour

North Garo Hills1

West Jaintia Hills1

West Khasi Hills1

East Garo Hillszero

East Jaintia Hillszero

Ribhoizero

South Garo Hillszero

South West Khasi Hillszero

13,946 1

55 23

13,743 24

148

Nagaland

DistrictCircumstances

Dimapur20

Moneight

Kohima7

Kiphirethree

Tuensangthree

Peren2

Phek1

Longlengzero

Mokokchungzero

Wokhazero

Zunhebotozero

12,191 1

29 7

12,zero71 7

91 1

Ladakh

DistrictCircumstances

Kargil77

LehLadakh43

9,783 1

48 zero

9,605 1

130

Sikkim

DistrictCircumstances

East Districtthree

South Districtthree

North Districtzero

West Districtzero

6,126 5

58 four

5,933 1

135

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

DistrictCircumstances

South Andamans33

Nicobars1

North And Center Andaman1

5,zero14

eight zero

four,944

62

Mizoram

DistrictCircumstances

Kolasib11

Aizawl10

Mamiteight

Lawngtlai2

Lunglei2

Saitual1

Champhaizero

Hnahthialzero

Khawzawlzero

Saihazero

Serchhipzero

four,405 6

23 three

four,372 three

10

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

DistrictCircumstances

Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

three,402

four zero

three,396

2

Lakshadweep

DistrictCircumstances

Lakshadweep Districtzero

263 2

96 1

167 three

zero

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