Coverage Temporary: Pacific Islands Forge Forward on Nationwide Environmental Motion, Monitoring, and Reporting for Knowledgeable Resolution Making
The Cook dinner Islands, Niue, Solomon Islands, and Tonga have accredited their nationwide State of the Atmosphere (SoE) experiences, while in Papua New Guinea (PNG), the Minister for Atmosphere Conservation and Local weather Change has preapproved the nation’s report. The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Atmosphere Programme (SPREP) – the regional atmosphere group within the Pacific – assisted the international locations within the improvement of the experiences.
“Considered one of SPREP’s core capabilities is to assist our Pacific island member international locations in creating their nationwide State of Atmosphere Reviews, and dealing in partnership with them to implement their atmosphere actions and choices primarily based on the SoE Report,” mentioned Kosi Latu, Director Common, SPREP. In response to SPREP, the 5 SoE report approvals in a single 12 months is a milestone achievement, contemplating the present challenges and impacts of COVID-19. It clearly demonstrates Pacific island international locations’ continued dedication and a focus to the significance of environmental motion, monitoring, and reporting to assist knowledgeable environmental planning and choice making on the nationwide stage.
The SoE experiences current an outline of the international locations’ environments throughout seven thematic areas: Tradition and Heritage; Environment and Local weather; Coastal and Marine; Freshwater Sources; Land; Biodiversity; and Constructed Atmosphere. The experiences use the Drivers, Pressures, State, Affect and Response (DPSIR) mannequin to explain the atmosphere, causal relationships, and environmental results, primarily based on quantitative information regarding the state of the atmosphere, supplemented by stakeholder enter.
The SoE experiences spotlight that each one 5 international locations have: decreased their import of ozone depleting substances; elevated their proportion of protected areas; and elevated their set up and era of renewable power. As an illustration, the 2-megawatt Matatoa Photo voltaic Farm in Tonga, commissioned in October 2017 and consisting of seven,440 photo voltaic panels, is predicted to generate greater than 2.eight million kilowatts of electrical energy throughout its first 12 months of operation.
Commenting on his nation’s 2019 SoE report, Haden Talagi, Director of the Division of Atmosphere, Ministry of Pure Sources, Niue, highlighted it as “a precious useful resource that enables us to conduct efficient environmental planning and choice making,” serving to to “convey a couple of bluer and greener Niue as we forge forward to a ‘new regular.’”
The SoE experiences additionally present “an efficient system” for reporting in opposition to nationwide priorities, together with reporting on worldwide and regional commitments underneath the SDGs, the Paris Settlement on local weather change, the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Motion (SAMOA) Pathway, and the Noumea Conference for the Safety of Pure Sources and Atmosphere of the South Pacific Area and Associated Protocols on making certain sound environmental administration and improvement of pure assets. [IISD Knowledge Hub Sources] [SPREP News Story] [Cook Islands State of the Environment Report 2018] [Niue Environment Data Portal] [Papua New Guinea State of the Environment Report 2019] [Solomon Islands State of the Environment Report 2019] [Tonga State of the Environment Report 2018] [Pacific Environment Portal]
The spectacular Raggiana hen of paradise is endemic to the forests of Papua New Guinea.
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This coverage transient was authored by Dina Hestad, Thematic Skilled for SDGs and Small Island Growing States.
This story was made doable with funding assist from the Authorities of Sweden by way of the UN Atmosphere Programme (UNEP) and was developed with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Atmosphere Programme (SPREP) utilizing the Pacific Atmosphere Portal, which allows customers to search out, entry, and use regional and nationwide information. The portal has been developed by the regional UNEP-GEF Inform venture executed by SPREP, which has established nationwide atmosphere information portals in 14 Pacific island international locations to assist tackle the challenges of storing and accessing information. The net database of knowledge and datasets goals to assist enhance choice making and reporting on the atmosphere.