Ought to We Use Photographs Or Symbols In Studying International Languages?

Picture Or Image: That Is The Query

All identified language apps are designed with the idea that photos might be related to the phrases within the goal language. The designers of those apps imagine that if a learner sees the picture on the show after which a phrase within the goal language he can be in a position, first, to acknowledge the which means of a phrase after which bear in mind it.

It’s a false impression that impedes studying international languages. The attainable origin of this false impression: we use photos in kids’s books as a result of kids are visible and pictures assist them to determine an emotional connection to the state of affairs drawn in footage. The emotional connection is strengthened by adults studying the textual content aloud. After a number of readings of the pictorial textual content, kids bear in mind the textual content by coronary heart and may reproduce the textual content wanting on the footage. Do footage assist one bear in mind the textual content and recollect it by coronary heart? In fact, they’re useful since footage act as anchors for the feelings that a little one goes by means of when listening to the narrative.

How Do Kids Assume?

Right here an necessary query arises: Do kids assume in photos or in symbols? The phrase “image” is overused and has totally different meanings in varied contexts. Typically, an emblem represents one thing aside from itself. For instance, the dove is an emblem of peace. We’d like a distinct definition of “image” as one thing that may very well be used for the illustration of our ideas earlier than we purchase the language or earlier than we verbalize our ideas. Kids assume in “symbols” earlier than they learn to communicate. A “image” for a kid just isn’t one thing mounted like an image; it adjustments with time and serves as an affiliation with a sure object, motion, or feeling. Every time a toddler experiences a brand new modification of the thing or barely totally different feeling, it’s infused into the identical “image” that the kid’s mind associates with a sure object, motion, or feeling.

A logo is the smallest aspect of the language of ideas; it’s an amalgamation of all photos on the subject and all emotions skilled with this specific image. For instance, the image “mommy” contains “averaged” or “fused” photos of mom and emotions of affection, heat, safety, identified heartbeat, and so forth. Now, think about that Mum desires to introduce a brand new image to her little one: “calm” as a greater various to “anger.” She is going to reveal the way it appears to be offended and the way it appears to be calm. The expression on her face, her respiration, her actions, and her eyes—all these emotions matter in creating the 2 new symbols “anger” and “calm.”  Wiring of those symbols to the respective phrases—anger and calm—happens after a toddler experiences these symbols a number of instances along with the phrases describing them.

The Distinction Between Photographs And Symbols

Kids accumulate the database of symbols first after which they purchase the native language subconsciously by wiring the acquired symbols to the phrases immediately and forming a speech middle within the mind. There’s a big distinction between a picture and a “image.” For instance, the image of “breakfast” is a fusion of many meals within the morning that a little one has skilled earlier than she or he realized the right way to vocalize this image because the phrase “breakfast.” A picture (image) of “breakfast” can’t be unambiguously related to the phrase “breakfast” as a result of every image comprises a large number of key phrases, for instance, boy, woman, consuming, cup, plate, milk, juice, desk, and so forth. That explains why utilizing photos as anchors for studying new phrases in a international language is unproductive and brain-incompatible.

Adults assume in symbols too which can be already wired along with the respective phrases of the native language, thus creating the phantasm that we predict within the native language. You’d understand that it’s an phantasm if you concentrate on your desires. Desires are your unconscious ideas. They’re so brilliant, emotional, and clear, though they’re created completely within the language of ideas (symbols) and makes an attempt to articulate them normally wake you up.

We could conclude that the target of buying a international language for adults may very well be simplified as wiring the identified symbols—and never photos—with unknown phrases in a goal language.

A Small Experiment

The next experiment is simple to carry out. It should reveal the connection between the language of ideas and the language of communication. Shut your eyes and breathe deeply for a couple of minutes, listening to each inhale and exhale. Now, with out opening your eyes and utilizing the fingers of your fingers depend what number of phrases you’ll be able to recall in your native language. You may be stunned that for just a few moments no phrases or only a few phrases come to your thoughts. The reason is straightforward: with none visible clues or ideas you’ll be able to’t recall phrases. Then, with out opening your eyes, begin eager about this experiment and recall the phrases in your native language. Many phrases will seem in your thoughts as your ideas activate the phrases wanted for expressing your ideas.

We are able to’t signify the identified image as a picture as a result of every image is a illustration of an object, motion, or feeling and it’s not mounted. A logo comprises the knowledge components which may change with expertise. For instance, take into consideration a “driver.” What seems within the thoughts as an emblem of a driver can be totally different for a poor little one from a distant village in India and for a kid from a metropolitan metropolis. Keep in mind that the image “driver” ought to seem in your thoughts earlier than you’ll be able to produce the phrase driver in your native or in a international language.

Expertise And Studying A International Language

The expertise obtainable at the moment permits us to activate the image in our mind by demonstrating the phrase within the native language for just a few seconds, after which demonstrating the respective phrase in a goal language and asking the learner to pronounce it just a few instances concurrently with a recording made by a local speaker.

Then this course of is repeated however this time a complete sentence containing this image is displayed for about ten seconds within the native language. By no means pronounce or learn aloud the sentence within the native language. Then the identical sentence is displayed in a goal language and the learner repeats it aloud many instances concurrently with a recording.

Right here is an outline of this experiment with a concrete instance.

First, show the phrase within the native language, for instance, in Russian: Сад. After just a few seconds, show the respective phrase within the goal language, for instance, in English: Backyard.

Pronounce the phrase backyard just a few instances concurrently with the recording made by a local speaker. Now show in your native language (Russian) a sentence with the phrase “Сад” that can enable you to visualise it and join emotionally. By no means pronounce it or learn aloud. Я люблю гулять по цветущему саду.

Then show the identical sentence in a goal language (English) and repeat it aloud many instances concurrently with the recording. I prefer to stroll within the flowering backyard.

The transition to the brand new paradigm—phrases within the native language are wired along with the symbols by which we predict—just isn’t arduous; we merely want to use this reality to the acquisition of a international language and wire collectively the identified symbols with unknown phrases in a goal language.

Don’t use photos for activating symbols by which we predict. Keep in mind, we predict first earlier than we are able to communicate. Show a phrase within the native language for just a few moments to activate the image after which visualize and verbalize it in a goal language. First, apply it to a phrase, after which to a complete sentence. The whole course of might be simply become an automated unconscious coaching in international language expertise.

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